Analysis of the status quo of machinery manufacturing
?? 1. The industry is developing rapidly, and the status of pillar industries is further prominent
Since the reform and opening up, China's machinery industry has developed from a very weak foundation into an industrial production system with complete categories and considerable strength. The total economic volume accounts for more than 2/3 of the entire equipment manufacturing industry, and the growth rate is much higher than the growth of manufacturing and GDP. speed.
??2. Significant progress has been made in the reform of the system, and the concentration of production continues to increase
In recent years, with the support of the central and local governments, some of the large state-owned enterprises that undertook the important task of revitalization have achieved reforms such as downsizing and efficiency gains, divestiture of social functions, separation of main and auxiliary services, and debt-to-equity swaps. The burden of state-owned enterprises has been reduced, the heavy burden of state-owned enterprises has been alleviated, the management level of enterprises has generally improved, and the economic benefits have gradually improved, and they have entered a track of healthy development. At the same time, in order to form an organizational structure with a certain degree of concentration and strong international competitiveness, some enterprises have expanded their product and service areas and enterprise scale through industry restructuring, and quickly formed system integration and service capabilities; System integration capabilities; meet the needs of the development of the main business through user mergers and manufacturing companies; through mergers and acquisitions of manufacturing companies through consortiums or trading companies, expand business areas and profitability.
??3. The ability of independent innovation has been significantly improved, and the support for the national economy has been continuously enhanced
??Before the reform and opening up, the production technology level of the machinery industry was roughly 20 years different from the world level. Over the past 30 years, through domestic research, development, introduction, digestion and absorption of world advanced technology, the technical level of my country's machinery and equipment has been greatly improved, and some new technologies and new products have reached or approached the world's advanced level. At the same time, a large number of national engineering research centers, national engineering technology research centers and national engineering laboratories were successively built, and a large number of scientific research achievements won the National Science and Technology Award.
??4. International competitiveness has been further strengthened, and the “Going Global” strategy has achieved initial results.
In recent years, the international competitiveness of China's machinery industry has been further improved. While maintaining the price advantage, the quality, reliability and technical level have also improved greatly. A batch of major equipment has occupied the foreign market and established a good international Credibility. Before 2005, my country's machinery industry had been in a state of deficit in imports and exports. In 2006, exports exceeded imports for the first time, achieving a surplus of 760 million US dollars and a historic turning point. In recent years, all domestic power station complete sets of equipment have achieved domestic supply; the domestic market share of domestic machine tools has reached 60%.
??The glorious achievements made by my country's machinery industry are enough to make us proud, but we must keep a clear head and objective and scientific judgment on the overall situation and the position of the machinery industry. We should not be arrogant and arrogant. It should be noted that while the machinery industry has made tremendous progress, there are still many problems.